Jagadeesh says the manufacturing industry is exploring 5G technology at an accelerated pace, in large part to enable AI-based use cases, such as closed-loop manufacturing, adaptive manufacturing, maintenance predictive analytics, and training and safety of workers based on extended reality (XR). Dantuluri, general manager of private and dedicated networks at Keysight Technologies. “It’s not a static assembly line that does the same action over and over again, but it can change depending on your needs,” he says. “Private networks essentially enable new business models in manufacturing.”
However, the benefits of 5G private networking go beyond manufacturing. Because the technology offers more reliable connectivity, faster data speeds and lower latency, and greater network scalability, security, and control than previous communications technologies, 5G private networks will drive innovation in many industries and businesses.
The Benefits of Private 5G Networks
A private mobile network is based on standards defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) (such as LTE or 5G), but offers dedicated local coverage. This is important for remote installations where there are no public networks or where indoor coverage is not robust. A private network also makes exclusive use of available capacity; there is no restraint from other network users, as in a public network. Private operators can also implement their own security policies to authorize users, prioritize traffic, and most importantly, ensure that sensitive data does not leave unauthorized facilities.
The dedicated nature of 5G private networking along with personalized service, intrinsic control and URLLC capabilities provides more reliable industrial wireless communication for a wide variety of use cases, says Dantuluri: “Applications include wireless control, in real – time, closed – loop, and process automation, and AI – based production and AR / VR – based design for on – site and remote workers, ”he explains. “In addition, low-cost connectivity allows sensors to be easily deployed in a wider variety of scenarios, enabling companies to create innovative applications and collect data in real time.”
The industrial sector is driving a massive digital transformation, and the integration of information technology (IT) systems with operating technology (OT) systems will accelerate this process. Digital technologies will also allow for many new use cases, such as automated manufacturing.
A private 5G network allows a facility to synchronize and integrate tracking data into its workflow, allowing production lines to be set up in real time, says Dantuluri. “Since assembly lines and factory infrastructure, such as robotic arms, autonomous mobile robots (AMRs), autonomous guided vehicles (AGVs) and sensors, are wirelessly connected, setting up or moving on-demand assembly elements is very important. easier. This use case requires a low-latency, highly reliable wireless connection and coverage, and potentially high data rates on both uplink and downlink, and perhaps support for time-sensitive networks (TSN ) in the future. This use case application is only available with 5G private networks. “
Outside the industrial sector, private 5G networks enable augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) mobile applications, allowing, for example, engineers to see overlapping maps, soldiers to have attention screens, and companies to have virtual meetings. in the field or working remotely. “If a machine needs to be repaired and a technician or factory worker has AR glasses, they can have technical information superimposed on the real-world device to see what happens,” Dantuluri says. “And the data center can send step-by-step instructions on how to do the repairs.”
As companies realize the benefits of widespread, low-latency, high-bandwidth, and secure connectivity, 5G private network applications will expand. By the end of 2024, analysts expect that investment in 5G private networks will cost tens of billions of dollars. A separate analysis by investment firm JP Morgan’s research group predicts that the global business opportunity for 5G will exceed $ 700 billion by 2030.