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The coronavirus pandemic has caused significant changes in higher education. Higher studies include general, technical or professional studies, which require a level of education higher than or equal to the high school diploma or its equivalent. During the moments of confinement, research laboratories were closed, distance courses were taught, and students and staff, not used to this modality of operation, were forced to adapt despite the increase in inequalities social issues, xenophobia and students’ mental health problems. .
Almost two years after the confinements, higher education becomes more than necessary to focus on other future eventualities, taking into account the socio-economic needs of the world: economy and community. The pandemic has not only redirected higher education, but the challenges and issues related to public evolution and the strong presence of digital technology today force the university to set new goals and different methods based on innovation through technological tools.
Moreover, higher education today cannot be done with traditional methods due to the many challenges. Many younger people are looking for training. It is more than a necessity for higher education to be open to a more significant number of young people. In order to understand the new educational challenges, it is necessary to analyze the offer of distance education, considering the number of students above the capacity of universities and the part-time work of students.
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One of the significant challenges of higher education today is to reduce the failure rate and the new expectations of the knowledge society and the knowledge economy. In addition, promoting equal opportunities and enabling the mastery of new technologies are fundamental challenges for education in 2022.
The new reforms of higher education in 2022
Today, in many countries, including France, we finance students’ studies in such a way as to increase equality of opportunity, which is one of the most important challenges in higher education. We also increase training and courses and grant many more scholarships for studies, which helps to reduce the number of failures in the first years of the degree. We are also increasing funding for research, which is very important for technical progress and necessary for development. Through research and innovation, it is much easier for companies to create and have the opportunity to count on qualified and competent researchers.
Higher education must adapt to new challenges; it is impossible to develop as in the past. Research, which represents one of the highest priorities of universities, is subject to great innovation. In fact, the use of new technologies comes from the latest reforms and innovations in higher education. Students and entrepreneurs have many more opportunities.
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Higher education in the face of new technologies is an opportunity for entrepreneurs
Nowadays, the university is not only in its physical space but also in the digital world with new technologies, but the university also creates an identity in the digital world with a methodological framework.
From digital, students follow distance courses, and it is an excellent opportunity for them to work part-time, which is that companies have cheap labor. In addition, new technologies offer important advantages to students; they not only acquire digital knowledge and diplomas, but also develop skills to adapt to today’s work environment: the so-called virtual office workplace.
The new information and communication technologies are an added value for students, both for the knowledge acquired and for the ease of access to work. With Internet access, the student can work without having to be on the university premises. From admission to study at a distance, they have the possibility to consult the updated documents of those in charge, they can consult their work and meet the submission deadlines. With digital, knowledge has no borders, the university is expanding and young people have many opportunities to train outside the institutions.
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The employability of students in 2022
The higher education degree is, in the first place, a way to be selected for hiring, facilitating better paying jobs. Some states have policies that promote the integration of graduate students into the labor market. In France, President Macron is talking about a systemic change in the university.
In his opinion, universities must guarantee the reception of students in training and guide young people towards employment. States can, however, finance small and medium-sized enterprises, so that they employ a higher number of young graduates.
Nowadays, students are better qualified for the labor market after their studies, thanks to internships at the end of their studies, which allow them to acquire work experience, mastery of new technologies and create job search networks. These are also outstanding achievements for employability.
Higher education graduates should be favorable to employment developments in 2022, particularly entry-level IT, engineering and agricultural technology. Despite the pandemic, the employability of young graduates has increased during the period of economic recovery.
Finally, we can conclude that with all these currently opposing problems, higher education lacks a strategy. And when higher education lacks a strategy, this negatively affects research. So, in this regard, higher education leaders should ensure that everything changes as recommended by experts.