Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade: An estimated 40 million women will lose access to abortion

The U.S. Supreme Court said Friday it would overturn the historic 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling legalizing abortion in the United States. The country’s highest court announced the ruling on a case filed by Mississippi that seeks to ban most abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy. Some 13 U.S. states have “activating laws” to immediately ban abortion in those states after Roe’s reversal.

“The Constitution does not confer the right to abortion; Roe and Casey are annulled; and the authority to regulate abortion is returned to the people and their elected representatives, “the court wrote. Judge Samuel Alito wrote the majority opinion that overturned Roe v. Wade. The court voted 6- 3 to confirm the Mississippi case and 5-4 to overturn Roe.

It will now be up to each state to establish its own abortion laws. Some require abortion applicants to wait a minimum period of time between face-to-face counseling and their procedure, a measure that advocates deem necessary to make sure women are 100% sure they want to move on with a abortion. Opponents say the wait has been shown to lead to riskier abortions in the second quarter.

“Most states restrict abortion at a specific time during pregnancy, which typically lasts 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). In recent years, however, some state policymakers have tried to provoke a challenge. of the Supreme Court banning abortion before viability, “said the Guttmacher Institute, a public health think tank that supports access to abortion, ahead of the Supreme Court ruling on Mississippi.

“Millions of people would have to travel hundreds of miles to receive abortion care, with the average distance increasing from 25 miles to about 125 miles.”

– Rebecca Reingold and Lawrence Gostin of Georgetown University

Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wyoming have laws in place to “activate” the abortion ban now that the sentence has been overturned. Meanwhile, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, West Virginia, and Wisconsin have laws prohibiting abortion before and / or after Roe v. Wade.

Many Republican states have focused on regulating clinics to limit access to abortion. Some 23 states have laws or policies that regulate abortion providers, all of which apply to clinics that perform surgical abortion, while 13 states have regulations that apply to doctors’ offices where abortions are performed, he said. add Guttmacher. In all, 26 states will move quickly to ban abortion, he said.

Regulations that have already been imposed on both clinics and abortion providers include specifications that dictate the size of an abortion procedure room or the distance from a hospital facility, and requirements. for certifications from a provider of abortions or hospital affiliations. Critics of these regulations argue that they go beyond the necessary patient safety measures.

C. Nicole Mason, president and executive director of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, a nonprofit organization that supports abortion rights, said many state legislatures will ban abortion outright, “leaving women in these states, especially low-income women and women of color. ” – without access to these basic reproductive health services ”. He called it a “dark day for American democracy.”

Low-income women will be the most serious of the Roe v. Annulment. Wade, as they will be less able to travel to seek an abortion if they live in a state where access to abortion is restricted, observers say. About half of aborting women live below the federal poverty level, with 75% of them classified as low-income, compared to 27% in 2000.

Now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned, 26 states will move to ban abortion quickly, while 13 of those states are ready to “activate” the abortion ban now that the sentence has been overturned.

Liberal states are improving abortion rights, according to Rebecca Reingold, associate director of the Health and Human Rights Initiative at Georgetown University’s O’Neill Institute, and Lawrence Gostin, a law professor specializing in abortion law. public health in Georgetown, who wrote an article, “Implications for Access to Abortion,” in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Citing data from the Guttmacher Institute, they estimate that 58% of women in childbearing capacity, some 40 million, will lose their right to abortion as a result of Roe’s reversal. “Millions of people would have to travel hundreds of miles to receive abortion care, with the average distance increasing from 25 miles to about 125 miles. The percentage of people living more than 200 miles away from a clinic abortion would increase from 1% to an estimated 29% “.

“Historically, state officials have enforced abortion restrictions. However, Texas, Idaho and Oklahoma recently authorized the enforcement of citizens. Texas and Oklahoma laws apply to anyone who” helps or favors. ” an abortion, including health workers, relatives or car-sharing drivers, ”they wrote.

“Oklahoma law applies to anyone who pays or reimburses abortions“ through insurance or otherwise. ”This could make charitable donations for abortion services illegal. “, they added. “Traditionally, abortion laws do not apply to pregnant people, but some prosecutors have accused people who self-induce abortion of the crimes of involuntary manslaughter and fetal homicide.”

Different opinions about abortion

Last month, Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt, a Republican, signed the country’s most severe abortion ban, effectively banning abortion in that state, unless the mother’s life is at risk. , in the case, for example, of an ectopic pregnancy where the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, or the pregnancy was the result of a rape or incest as reported to the forces of the order.

“I promised the people of Oklahoma that, as governor, I would sign all the pro-life laws that were found on my desk and I am proud to keep that promise today,” he said in a statement. “From the moment life begins at conception is when we as human beings have a responsibility to do everything we can to protect this baby’s life and the mother’s life.”

The anti-abortion group National Right to Life acknowledges that economic considerations are a factor for women seeking abortion, but says it is not a reason for termination. Republican lawmakers say they oppose “taxpayer-funded abortion,” and anti-abortion groups say unborn people have a right to life for moral and religious reasons.

Some opponents of abortion believe that abortion is wrong in any circumstance, while others believe it may be acceptable in cases of rape, incest, or in cases where a woman’s life is at risk. Focus on the Family, a Colorado-based Christian ministry, says life begins at conception and equates the protection of the unborn with the protection of the physically and mentally handicapped.

The anti-abortion group National Right to Life acknowledges that economic considerations are a factor for women seeking abortion, but says it is not a reason for termination.

Politicians ’positions tend to align along party lines, as evidenced by their responses when Politico first reported that the Supreme Court was considering annulling Roe v. Wade. California Gov. Gavin Newsoma Democrat, last month signed legislation that would eliminate the out-of-pocket costs of abortion services covered by health plans.

“As states across the country try to push us back by restricting fundamental reproductive rights, California continues to protect and advance reproductive freedom for all,” it said in a statement. “With this legislation, we will help ensure equitable and affordable access to abortion services so that out-of-pocket costs do not preclude receiving care.”

Others say access to abortion is an “economic right” for women. “Access to abortion and abortion services can have powerful impacts on the economic outcomes of abortion patients, including what types of jobs can and cannot occupy, the level of education, the chances of being in poverty situation and financial difficulties, and much more, ”Economic Policy said. Institute, a progressive think tank.

The ramifications of a widespread ban on abortion go beyond the cost of an abortion, Mason said. Turning Roe upside down will cause enormous damage to women’s equality, she added. “But it will also dramatically affect women’s ability to fully participate in the U.S. economy by reducing their share of the workforce, reducing their income, and increasing turnover,” she said.

Related: How American politics created a tribal culture on moral issues: “40 years ago, if I told you that this person supports abortion, you wouldn’t know how he felt about taxes, health care, and immigration “

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